This article presents 6 training strategies to accelerate expertise based on the postulations from Sternberg’s (1999) model of expertise development.
How to accelerate expertise? In previous posts, I highlighted the need to find solutions to accelerate expertise. Among several models for training design, the “Developing Expertise” Model by Sternberg (1999) is quite useful to define the training strategies. The main feature of this model is that it postulated that ‘expertise’ is trainable – however, required correct orchestration of the training strategies.
What is Sternberg’s Model of Expertise?
Sternberg presented a model of developing expertise have five key elements:
- Metacognitive skills,
- Learning skills,
- Thinking skills,
- Knowledge and
Fundamentally Sternberg’s model is based on cycling and interactions of several skills together to achieve expertise. The core philosophy is that Motivation is believed to drive metacognitive skills which in turn activate learning and thinking skills, which then provide feedback to the metacognitive skills, enabling one’s level of expertise to increase (Sternberg, 1985). The declarative and procedural knowledge acquired through the thinking skills and learning skills also contributes toward the acquisition of expertise.